Saturday, March 26, 2016

The origin history of diabetes

The origin history of diabetes
The condition diabetes is the diminished version of diabetes mellitus full name. Diabetes mellitus are derived from diabetes Greek word meaning the siphon, to succeed and the Latin meaning mellitus sugary or sweet word. This is because in diabetes surplus sugar is found in blood and urine. It was known in the seventeenth century as "evil pissing".

The diabetes was probably invented by Apollonius of Memphis around 250 BC. Diabetes is first recorded in English in the form of diabetes, in a medical text written around 1425. It was in 1675 that Thomas Willis "mellitus" added the word "the word diabetes. It was because of the sweet taste of urine. The ancient Greeks, Chinese, Egyptians, Indians, and Persians had noticed this sweet taste in urine as was evident in their literature.

History of diabetes of the claim
Sushruta, Arataeus, and Thomas Willis were the early pioneers of Diabetes claim. Greek doctors prescribed the year - best horse to relieve excess urination. Some other forms of therapy applied to diabetes include wine, supercharging to compensate for fluid loss weight, starvation diet, Etc. In 1776, Matthew Dobson confirmed that the sweet taste of the urine of diabetics was due to the excess of a kind of sugar in the urine and blood of people with diabetes.

In ancient times and medieval ages diabetes was usually a death sentence. Aretaeus tried to treat but could not give a beneficial effect. Sushruta (6th century BCE) an Indian healer identified diabetes and classified as "Madhumeha". Here honey means of "madhu" word and the combined condition means fresh urine. The ancient Indians have diabetes determined by looking at whether ants were attracted to the urine of a person. Korean words, Chinese, and Japanese for diabetes are based on the same ideographs which mean "sugar urine disease".

Persia Avicenna (980-1037) provided a detailed description on diabetes mellitus '' In Drug Canon. " He described the abnormal appetite and decline in sexual functioning with fresh urine. It also identified the diabetic gangrene. Avicenna was the first to describe diabetes insipidus very precisely. It was much later in the 18th and 19th century Johann Peter Frank (1745-1821) differentiated between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.


Discovery the role of the pancreas
Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski had in 1889 discovered the role of the pancreas in diabetes. They found that tocs whose pancreas was removed developed all the signs and symptoms of diabetes and died shortly after. In 1910, Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer found that diabetes resulted from lack of insulin. He named the Sugar Regulatory chemical blood insulin as the "island" Latin, meaning island, in reference to islet insulin producers in the pancreas.

In 1919 Frederick Allen of the Rockefeller Institute in New York issued "Regulations on Dietary Totals Diabetes Regulation of Request" which introduced a strict regulation of demand for treatment of dieting or starvation as way manager of diabetes.

Insulin Discovery
In 1921 Sir Frederick Grant Banting and Charles Herbert Best repeated the work of Von Mering and Minkowski and advanced to explain that he could reverse induced diabetes in tocs giving them an extract of pancreatic islet healthy tocs. The Banting, Best, and pharmacist Collip colleague purified the hormone insulin in pancreas of cows at the University of Toronto. This led to the availability of an effective treatment for diabetes in 1922. For this, Banting and MacLeod Director of laboratory received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1923; both shared their prize money with others in the team who have not been identified, in particular the Best and Collip.

The Banting and Best conducted the free patent available so that millions of diabetics worldwide have gained access to insulin. In 1922 January, Leonard Thompson, 14, a charity patient at Toronto General Hospital has become the first person to receive and injection of insulin to treat diabetes. Thompson lived another 13 years before dying of pneumonia at age 27.

Differentiation of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
It was in 1936 that Sir Harold Percival (Harry) Himsworth in his published work has differentiated type 1 and 2 diabetes as different entities.

Biosynthetic Human Insulin
In 1982 the first biosynthetic human insulin - Humulin - that is identical in chemical structure to human insulin and can be produced in series has been approved for market in several countries.

Metabolic syndrome
The metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus these is part of was discovered by Gerald Reaven's M. in 1988. Banting was honored by World Diabetes Day which is held on his birthday, staring at the 14 November 2007.

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